Learn how to become a Cloud Engineer. From earning a Bachelor’s Degree in computer science to gaining proficiency in major cloud computing platforms, acquiring relevant certifications, specializing in key concepts, working from home jobs, and securing internships, this guide from A3 Techworld will provide you with the roadmap to enter the field of cloud engineering. Follow these steps to build your knowledge, skills, and hands-on experience in cloud computing, and embark on a rewarding career as a Cloud Engineer.
It is evident that cloud computing has revolutionized business operations, introducing a new paradigm for delivering and managing data and applications. As a result, numerous companies have embraced cloud computing, leading to its widespread adoption.
A report by IDC predicts that global spending on public cloud infrastructure and affiliated services will attain approximately $500 billion by 2023, a substantial proliferation from the $229 billion spent in 2019. This rapid growth in the cloud industry also presents a parallel surge in high-paying job opportunities.
If you are considering a career in the information technology (IT) industry, becoming a cloud engineer could be a promising path. Cloud engineers assist organizations in migrating their data to cloud-based infrastructures, enabling remote access to vital information. Understanding this career trajectory can help you determine whether it aligns with your professional goals.
Also according to a survey report by Yahoo Finance, the global cloud computing industry is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 16.3%, from USD 445.3 billion in 2021 to USD 947.3 billion by 2026. In addition, 7 out of 10 organizations using cloud services intend to increase their expenditures.
Curious about the steps to becoming a cloud engineer? This comprehensive guide outlines the responsibilities of a cloud engineer, essential digital tech skills, and the average industry salary. It also presents actionable steps to jumpstart your career in cloud engineering.
What is cloud engineering?
Cloud engineering involves assessing an organization’s technical infrastructure and overseeing the migration of specific functions and processes to a cloud-based architecture. This cloud infrastructure comprises internet-accessible servers and the corresponding data stored on them. By leveraging cloud engineering, companies and organizations can transfer critical business applications and processes to private, public, and hybrid cloud systems. Cloud engineers play a crucial role in maintaining and managing these systems, ensuring security measures are in place, and troubleshooting any arising issues.
What do cloud engineers do?
Cloud engineers have a range of technical duties that relate to cloud-based infrastructure and cloud computing, some of which include;
- Plan, develop, and design cloud-based software and applications.
- Manage and debug cloud initiatives throughout their development lifecycle.
- Collaborate with technical teams to identify and implement cloud solutions.
- Troubleshoot and resolve issues related to cloud-based processes.
- Build and design various web services within a cloud environment.
- Automate functions and platforms within the cloud system.
- Migrate existing system data to cloud-based applications.
- Stay updated on industry trends, new cloud technology applications, and cloud-based initiatives.
Cloud Engineer Jobs
There are lucrative job openings associated with cloud engineering. You should choose the best one that fits your expertise level and personal interests. Check out the top cloud jobs below:
- Cloud Developer
- Cloud Infrastructure Engineer
- Cloud Support Engineer
- Cloud Architect
- SysOps Administrator
- Data Engineer
- Solutions Architect
- Cloud Security Engineer
- Development operations engineer
- Full-Stack developer
- Front-end Developer
- Back-end Developer
- Cloud Administrator
- Database Administrator
Step-by-Step Guide on How to Become a Cloud Engineer
Learn how to become a Cloud Engineer in Nigeria with this detailed step-by-step guide. From earning a Bachelor’s Degree in computer science to gaining proficiency in major cloud computing platforms, acquiring relevant certifications, specializing in key concepts, and securing internships, this guide will provide you with the roadmap to enter the field of cloud engineering.
Follow these steps to build your knowledge, skills, and hands-on experience in cloud computing, and embark on a rewarding career as a Cloud Engineer.
- Earn a Bachelor’s Degree (Optional)
To kickstart your journey towards becoming a Cloud Engineer, obtaining a Bachelor’s Degree in computer science or a related field is essential. Formal education in a technical discipline not only enhances your resume but also provides a solid foundation in the theory and principles of the subject. Look for reputable universities or colleges offering programs that cover relevant topics like computer programming, data structures, networking, and operating systems. Additionally, aim to graduate with a cloud computing certification or specialization, as it demonstrates your dedication and knowledge in this specific field. Many companies often require a Bachelor’s Degree as a minimum qualification when hiring Cloud Engineers, making it a crucial first step in your career path.
- Mastery of a Cloud Computing Platform
Becoming a cloud engineer begins with a crucial first step: gaining proficiency in at least one of the three major cloud computing platforms—AWS, Microsoft Azure, or Google Cloud Platform (GCP). Luckily, the internet is teeming with valuable resources that can help you on this journey. You can explore YouTube videos, dive into educational articles, and even opt for virtual or in-person training to build a solid foundation of knowledge. Once you’ve grasped the essentials, the next exciting phase awaits—getting certified in your chosen cloud environment
- Learn a Programming Language
Gain proficiency in at least one programming language commonly used in cloud computing, such as Python, Java, or Clojure. Utilize online resources like blogs, videos, online/offline classes, and other free resources to learn the programming language.
- Earn Relevant Cloud Certifications
Obtain professional certifications related to cloud computing, such as AWS certifications, Microsoft Azure certifications, or GCP certifications. Research and select certifications based on your career goals and the cloud platforms you are focusing on.
- Specialize in Key Concepts
To excel as a Cloud Engineer, it’s crucial to specialize in key concepts. Focus on areas such as storage, networking, virtualization, operating systems, security, disaster recovery, and web services. Learn about different storage options and how to access data effectively. Gain expertise in managing virtual machines (VMs) within virtual networks. Understand security practices to protect data and infrastructure from threats. Familiarize yourself with disaster recovery strategies. Lastly, grasp the synergy between web services and DevOps to streamline operations. Mastering these concepts will empower you to thrive in the dynamic field of cloud engineering.
- Seek Internship Opportunities
Seizing internship opportunities is a remarkable way to kickstart your journey as a Cloud Engineer. Whether you’re studying or have already chosen your specialization, internships provide valuable hands-on experience and a chance to delve into the dynamic cloud industry. Embrace the opportunity to learn, grow, and make your mark in the thriving Nigerian tech ecosystem. Your internship experience will be a stepping stone towards a successful career as a Cloud Engineer in Nigeria’s vibrant digital landscape.
Remember, becoming a Cloud Engineer is a continuous learning journey, and staying updated with the latest technologies, trends, and best practices is crucial for professional growth in this field. Good luck on your path to becoming a Cloud Engineer!
Skills Required to Become a Cloud Engineer
You must learn to program to design, deploy, and manage cloud applications quickly. Some of the programming languages you must be proficient with are:
- Python: Python is used to create, analyze, and organize large amounts of data. Moreover, it is helpful in developing serverless applications.
- SQL: used to store, process, and manipulate data.
- ASP.NET: provides dynamic web pages and solutions across web browsers. A must-know particularly if you wish to become an Azure Cloud Engineer.
- PHP: used to automate websites.
- XML: used for data description
The most essential step is to familiarize yourself with the Linux servers. If you want to be a cloud engineer or architect, you need to have a basic grasp of the Linux operating system, which is used for cloud development. This may be as easy as installing a virtual machine with VirtualBox or creating a VM on the cloud. Installing various applications and performing load analysis are examples of more complex commands.
Networking knowledge is vital for cloud engineers to understand the internet’s workings, fulfill user demands with automated adjustments, and enhance network responsiveness. Learning network fundamentals is essential for cloud-centric roles.
Security and Recovery
Companies focus more on securing data and applications against threats and flaws. This is where cloud security comes into action. It safeguards data, apps, and recovery procedures. As a result, excellent security architecture is an essential skill for a successful cloud engineering career.
Storage provides benefits such as better accessibility, quick deployment, cost optimization, and robust security. Therefore, it is critical to understand different storage types, such as personal, cloud, hybrid cloud, and public cloud.
Web Services and API
Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) and web services are the foundation of cloud architecture. It is essential to pay close attention to the foundation while using the cloud architecture framework. Some open standards, including XML, SOAP, UDDI, and WSDL, describe, tag, and transfer data. You can navigate the cloud more effectively if you have a solid understanding of these foundational concepts.
Virtual software, often known as serverless computing, enables many users to reduce their hardware requirements or use them more precisely. Gaining a solid understanding of virtual machines, Lambdas, and EC2 will allow you to progress toward serverless computing.
Frequently Asked Questions
A bachelor’s degree in CS/IT can be the best to pursue a career in cloud engineering. However, it is not mandatory to have one to become a cloud engineer.
Cloud engineering involves assessing an organization’s technical infrastructure and overseeing the migration of specific functions and processes to a cloud-based architecture. Cloud engineers play a crucial role in maintaining and managing these systems, ensuring security measures are in place, and troubleshooting any arising issues.
Cloud engineers are responsible for planning, developing, and designing cloud-based software and applications. They also manage and debug cloud initiatives, collaborate with technical teams to implement cloud solutions, troubleshoot issues, and automate functions within the cloud system.
The increased adoption of cloud technology, increasing number of cloud jobs, exponential growth curve, and lucrative salaries make cloud engineering a good career option.
There are various job roles in cloud engineering, including Cloud Developer, Cloud Infrastructure Engineer, Cloud Support Engineer, Cloud Architect, SysOps Administrator, Data Engineer, Solutions Architect, Cloud Security Engineer, Development Operations Engineer, Full-Stack Developer, Front-end Developer, Back-end Developer, Cloud Administrator, and Database Administrator.
To become a cloud engineer in Nigeria, you can follow these steps:
-Consider obtaining a Bachelor’s Degree in computer science or a related field.
-Gain proficiency in a major cloud computing platform like AWS, Azure, or GCP.
-Learn a programming language commonly used in cloud computing, such as Python or Java.
-Earn relevant cloud certifications, such as AWS certifications or Microsoft Azure certifications.
-Specialize in key concepts like storage, networking, virtualization, security, and web services.
-Seek internship opportunities to gain hands-on experience in the cloud industry.
Some essential skills for cloud engineers include programming skills (e.g., Python, SQL, ASP.NET), Linux proficiency, networking knowledge, security and recovery expertise, storage skills, understanding of web services and APIs, and virtualization knowledge.